About CyBOK

An increasing political, societal and economic concern, cyber attacks cost an estimated $400 billion (according to Lloyds) to global economies. The scale of the issue was further highlighted recently when the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists factored cyber attacks into their decision to move the symbolic Doomsday Clock closer to midnight.

However, there is a long-recognised skills gap within the cyber security sector, an issue that experts agree is compounded by a fragmented and incoherent foundational knowledge for this relatively immature field.

Mature scientific disciplines, such as mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology have long-established foundational knowledge and clear learning steps from pupils studying GCSEs at secondary school to undergraduate degrees at university, and beyond.

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Aims of the CyBOK project

CyBOK is a guide to the body of knowledge – the knowledge that it codifies already exists in literature such as textbooks, academic research articles, technical reports, white papers and standards. The project’s focus is, therefore, on mapping established knowledge and not fully replicating everything that has ever been written on the subject.

The CyBOK project team undertook an extensive exercise involving a mapping and analysis of relevant texts as well as a range of community consultations both in the UK and internationally via workshops, an online survey, interviews and position papers. These activities provided an in-depth understanding of the community’s collective view of the 19 top-level Knowledge Areas (KAs) that should be in the scope of CyBOK, and CyBOK v1.0 was released in October 2019.

Following community feedback and direct input after this release, two new KAs (Applied Cryptography and Formal Methods for Security) were produced, and one KA (Network Security) underwent a major revision; in July 2021, CyBOK v1.1 was published, with 21 KAs spanning five categories.

Aims of the CyBOK project
The next phase of the project

The next phase of the project

The next phase of the project will focus on dissemination and promotion of CyBOK as well as liaison with the new UK Cyber Security Council and ongoing evolution and maintenance of the KAs. Our vision continues to be for CyBOK to become an established, internationally recognised resource for all the security community sectors (academia, industry and government).

The progress of Phase IV will be overseen by the CyBOK Executive Board which comprises the principal investigator and co-investigators. The project will be reviewed and advised by the CyBOK Steering Committee who will provide input to the overall progress and strategic development with regards to the cyber security profession.

Executive Board and Project Management

Awais Rashid biography page

Awais Rashid

Head of Cyber Security Group

University of Bristol

Andrew Martin biography page

Andrew Martin

Prof. of System Security

University of Oxford

Steve Schneider biography page

Steve Schneider

Director of the Surrey Centre for Cyber Security

University of Surrey

Yulia Cherdantseva biography page

Yulia Cherdantseva

Cyber Security Skills Lead at Cardiff Centre for Cyber Security Research

Cardiff University

Laura Etheridge biography page

Laura Etheridge

Senior Marketing and Dissemination Officer

Steering Committee

The CyBOK Steering Committee comprises national and international experts from industry, academia and professional bodies and are responsible for overseeing the maintenance of CyBOK and ensuring its strong academic and internationally recognised quality. They will act to advise when new KAs should be included or revisions made to existing KAs as well as appraising work. The Executive Board are also included in the Steering Committee membership.
Laurie Williams biography page

Laurie Williams

Distinguished Professor

North Carolina Sate University

Mira Mezini biography page

Mira Mezini

Vice President, Research & Innovation

Technische Universitat Darmstadt

Trent Jaeger biography page

Trent Jaeger

Prof. of Computer & Engineering

Pennsylvania University

David King biography page

David King

Chief Information Security Officer

Legal & General

Emil Lupu biography page

Emil Lupu

Prof. in Adaptive Computing System

Imperial College London

Project Researchers

Archived Members

Bart Preneel biography page

Bart Preneel

Prof. in COSIC

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

L. Jean Camp biography page

L. Jean Camp

Prof. School of Informatics & Computing

Indiana University

Jill Slay biography page

Jill Slay

Director of the ACCS

UNSW at the ADFA

Nick Coleman biography page

Nick Coleman

The Institute of Engineering & Technology

Diana Burley biography page

Diana Burley

Prof. Humans & Organisational Learning

The George Washington University

Bill Mitchell biography page

Bill Mitchell


BCS Academy of Computing